Breast cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the cells of the breast. It can occur in both men and women, but it is more common in women. Breast cancer usually begins in the ducts or lobules of the breast and can spread to other parts of the body if not detected and treated early.
Symptoms of breast cancer may include a lump in the breast or armpit, breast pain, changes in the size or shape of the breast, changes in the skin of the breast (such as dimpling or redness), and discharge from the nipple.
There are several risk factors that can increase a person’s chance of developing breast cancer, including age, family history of breast cancer, certain genetic mutations, previous radiation therapy to the chest, and hormonal factors.
Breast cancer can be diagnosed through a variety of tests, including mammography, ultrasound, MRI, and biopsy. Treatment options may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, and targeted therapy, depending on the stage and type of breast cancer.
Early detection and treatment are key to successful outcomes in breast cancer. Women are advised to have regular mammograms starting at age 40 or earlier if they have a higher risk of breast cancer. It is also important to perform self-exams and report any changes in the breast to a healthcare provider.
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